When parents separate or divorce, it can be difficult for everyone involved, especially the children. It is not uncommon for parents to experience disagreements and conflicts during this time. Still, when these conflicts turn into negative feelings or behaviors towards one parent, it is known as parental alienation.

What Is Parental Alienation?

Parental alienation is a term used to describe a situation in which a child is encouraged or coerced by one parent to reject, fear, or dislike the other parent, often without any legitimate reason. This behavior can manifest itself in a variety of ways, including:

  • Making negative comments about the other parent in front of the child
  • Withholding access or visitation from the other parent
  • Interfering with communication between the child and the other parent
  • Providing false information to the child about the other parent

Parental alienation can cause significant harm to the child, the targeted parent, and the parent engaging in the alienating behavior. It can lead to long-term negative consequences for the child’s emotional and mental health. It can also damage their relationship with both parents.

How to Recognize Parental Alienation

Recognizing parental alienation is vital to addressing the issue. Knowing what to look for can prevent further harm to the child and family. Here are some signs to look out for:

  • The child expresses intense hatred or dislike toward one parent without any legitimate reason.
  • The child consistently refuses to spend time with or speak to one parent, despite attempts to establish contact.
  • The child makes negative comments about one parent that seem rehearsed or scripted.
  • The child seems to be “parroting” or mimicking the language and behavior of the alienating parent.
  • The alienating parent seems to be “brainwashing” the child, using fear, guilt, or manipulation to turn them against the other parent.
  • The child’s behavior toward one parent changes significantly after spending time with the other parent.
  • The alienating parent prevents the child from having contact with the other parent or the other parent’s family.

How to Address Parental Alienation

If you suspect that parental alienation is occurring, address the issue before it causes further harm to the child and family. Here are some steps that can be taken:

Seek Professional Help

If you suspect that parental alienation is occurring, it is important to seek professional help. Consult a family law attorney or a mental health professional with experience in parental alienation cases. They can provide guidance and support on addressing the issue and protecting the child’s interests.

Document the Behavior

Keep a record of any behavior that may indicate parental alienation. This includes negative comments made by one parent about the other or instances where visitation was withheld or interfered with. This documentation can be used as evidence in court if necessary.

Address the Behavior Directly

If it is safe, it may be helpful to directly address the alienating parent’s behavior. Express concern about its impact on the child. This may lead to a change in behavior and a resolution of the issue without legal intervention.

Seek Court Intervention

If the alienating behavior continues despite attempts to address it directly, seeking court intervention may be necessary. A family law attorney can help file a motion to modify custody or visitation orders. They can also help you seek remedies to address the behavior. The court may order counseling or therapy for the child and family. They may also impose sanctions on the alienating parent for their behavior.


Q: Is parental alienation considered a form of child abuse?

A: Yes, parental alienation is considered a form of child abuse. It involves one parent deliberately causing emotional harm to the child by encouraging or coercing them to reject or fear the other parent. This can have serious and long-term negative consequences for the child’s mental and emotional well-being. The harm caused by parental alienation can be similar to physical or sexual abuse. It can have lasting effects on the child’s self-esteem, ability to form healthy relationships, and overall psychological health.

Q: Can both mothers and fathers engage in parental alienation?

A: Yes, both mothers and fathers can engage in parental alienation behavior. Parental alienation is not specific to any gender or parental role. Any parent can engage in behavior that seeks to undermine the relationship between the child and the other parent. It is important to recognize that parental alienation is a behavior. It is not a characteristic of a specific gender or parental role.

Q: What are the legal remedies available to address parental alienation?

A: Legal remedies to address parental alienation include:

The court can also appoint a guardian ad litem, an attorney, or a mental health professional. These individuals can represent the child’s interests and make recommendations to the court. However, the legal process can be complex and emotional. It is important to seek the guidance of a qualified family law attorney.

Q: Can parental alienation be successfully treated?

A: Yes, with the right intervention and support, it is possible to successfully address parental alienation. This can help promote healthy relationships between the child and both parents. However, treatment success may depend on the severity and duration of the parental alienation behavior. Treatment may involve counseling or therapy for the child and family. It can also include a structured plan to reintroduce the child to the targeted parent. It is important to seek the guidance of a mental health professional with experience in parental alienation cases.

Q: What can be done to prevent parental alienation from occurring in the first place?

A: There are several ways to help prevent parental alienation from occurring. These include:

  • Open and honest communication between parents
  • Prioritizing the child’s interests
  • Seeking professional support during times of conflict or separation

Additionally, emphasizing the importance of maintaining positive relationships between the child and both parents can help prevent parental alienation. It is important for both parents to recognize the impact of their behavior on the child. They should also take steps to avoid actions that may lead to parental alienation.

Contact Stange Law Firm in Chicago

If you believe you or your child is experiencing parental alienation, seek professional help from an experienced Chicago family law attorney today. They can balance your interest in protecting the child with advocating for their interests. With help, it is possible to restore healthy relationships between children and parents and prevent the negative consequences of parental alienation.